Main Article Content
Objectives: To evaluate results of treatment pneumonia for children aged 2 months to 5 years in pediatric deapartment at Yen Phong health center, Bac Ninh. Subjects: Patients with pneumonia aged 2 months to 5 years for treatment from September 2020 to June 2021. Methods: Descriptive study. Results: A total of 146 children were diagnosed with pneumonia, of which 82 were male (56.3%). The mean age was 20.6 ± 14.2 months. Prevalence of antibiotic use in the pre-hospital was 69.9%. The most common clinical manifestations were cough (100.0%), a subcrepitant rales (100.0%) and fever (29.5%). The most common X-ray was widespread patchy infiltrates (61.0%). 77.4% of children used combination antibiotics, in which the most common combination was Cephalosporin + Aminoglycoside (67.8%). Average duration of treatment was 6,7 ± 2,2 days. The cure rate was 100%. Conclusion: Pneumonia is more common in children less than 1 year old, with clinical manifestations of cough, shortness of breath and a subcrepitant rales. Combination antibiotics are effective in treating pneumonia in young children.
Pneumonia, children 2 months to 5 years old, Yen Phong, Bac Ninh
.Thanh HTP, Characteristics and causes of pneumonia in children under 5 years old at the Pediatric Center of Thai Nguyen Central Hospital, Thesis of Master of Medicine , Thai Nguyen University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 2017. (in Vietnamese)
 Bénet T, Sylla M, Etiology and Factors Associated with Pneumonia in Children under 5 Years of Age in Mali: A Prospective Case-Control Study, PloS one. 2015; 10(12): e0145447-e0145447.
 Okoko AR, Hossie E, Pneumonia of Children under 5 Years of Age in Brazzaville (Republic of Congo), Open Journal of Pediatrics. 2017; 07(03): 178-191.
 Tuan DM, Clinical characteristics and causes of children with bacterial pneumonia at the respiratory department of the National Children's Hospital for 5 years (From 2006 to 2010), Journal of Practical Medicine, 2011; 756: 126-129.
 Ngan QN, Hong PTM, Clinical and microbiological characteristics of community-acquired pneumonia in children aged 2 months to 5 years at Can Tho Children's Hospital, Ho Chi Minh City Medical Journal, 2014; 18(1): 294-300. (in Vietnamese)
 Nhom NT, Nam PV, Huong VTT, Study on clinical, subclinical characteristics and factors related to severe pneumonia in children from 2 months to 5 years old at the hospital. Vinh Long Provincial General Hospital, Proceedings of scientific research projects at Vinh Long General Hospital in 2015. (in Vietnamese)
 Tuan DM, Changes in blood gases, biochemical and hematological tests in patients with severe pneumonia in respiratory department of the National Children's Hospital in 2010, Journal of Practical Medicine, 2010; 765, 73-75. (in Vietnamese)
 Anh NTV, Bang NV, Survey on antibiotic use in the treatment of pneumonia in children at the Pediatrics Department of Bach Mai Hospital in 2006, Ho Chi Minh City Medical Journal, 2007; 11(4), 94-99. (in Vietnamese)